The Different Components of Your AC Explained

Air conditioning units are wonderful marvels of technology that never fail to make our homes much more comfortable and relaxing, especially in hot and dry seasons. But have you ever wondered just how it really works, or what its components actually do? For those who are curious, Bright Star Heating Supply Co. offers this low-down about your AC unit that will keep you cool and comfortable throughout the summer.

How does an air conditioner work?

How does an air conditioner work?

There are three main components to an air conditioner. The first is the coolant, the second is the evaporating coil, and the third is the condenser coil. All three work together to constantly remove heat and moisture from your house the moment you switch your air conditioner on, resulting in a cooler and more comfortable environment for you.

The coolant, or refrigerant, is a substance or chemical that can absorb heat and moisture quickly and effectively. Coolant moves from a liquid state to a gaseous state, and then back again, without having to pass through a solid state like most substances. This is what is constantly looped through your system via the evaporating coil and the condenser coil as your AC’s compressor takes warm air from the outside before pumping it into your home as cold air.

The evaporating coil is the component of your AC unit that turns the coolant into a vapor. In this process, the coolant also absorbs all heat and humidity from the hot air that is being pumped through your AC unit. We can consider this the main ‘cooling step’ of the air conditioning process.

The condenser coil is the component that returns the coolant to its liquid state, as condensation. Any heat that the coolant retains is blown out of your home through an exhaust fan. The process repeats itself, again and again, scrubbing moisture and heat from the air inside your home and pumping it back out as cold air.

With that, you should have a pretty good idea how your air conditioning unit works. Even with that knowledge, it is always wiser and safer to leave HVAC repairs to the skilled professionals. If you have an AC unit that’s misbehaving or you just need maintenance in the Boston, Middlesex and Suffolk county areas, contact Bright Star Heating Supply Co. at 978-233-3656 and we’ll get on it right away. We also offer services that pertain to heating, ductwork and HVAC systems.



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